Prostate Cancer: Types, Symptoms & Treatment


Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer among men, particularly affecting those over the age of 50. The prostate gland, located below the bladder and in front of the rectum, produces seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm. Understanding the treatment options, costs, and best hospitals in India for prostate cancer can be crucial for patients and their families.

Understanding Prostate Cancer

Types of Prostate Cancer

  1. Adenocarcinoma: The most common type, originating in the gland cells that produce prostate fluid.
  2. Small Cell Carcinoma: A rare and aggressive form of prostate cancer.
  3. Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Arises from flat cells covering the prostate and is also rare.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

Early-stage prostate cancer usually has no symptoms. However, advanced stages may include:

  • Difficulty urinating
  • Blood in urine or semen
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Bone pain

Diagnosis typically involves:

  • Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test: Measures the level of PSA in the blood.
  • Digital Rectal Exam (DRE): Physical examination of the prostate.
  • Biopsy: Removal and examination of prostate tissue.
  • Imaging Tests: MRI, CT scans, and bone scans to determine the spread of cancer.

Treatment Options


Radical Prostatectomy: The entire prostate gland and some surrounding tissue are removed. This can be done via traditional open surgery or minimally invasive techniques such as laparoscopic or robotic-assisted surgery.

Radiation Therapy

External Beam Radiation Therapy (EBRT): High-energy rays are directed at the prostate gland from outside the body.

Brachytherapy: Radioactive seeds are implanted directly into the prostate.

Hormone Therapy

Used to lower the levels of male hormones that stimulate cancer growth. This can involve medications or surgical removal of the testicles (orchiectomy).


Involves the use of drugs to kill rapidly growing cancer cells, typically used when cancer has spread beyond the prostate.


Sipuleucel-T (Provenge): A treatment that helps the immune system attack prostate cancer cells.

Targeted Therapy

Drugs that target specific pathways or mutations in cancer cells, such as PARP inhibitors for those with certain genetic mutations.

Prostate Cancer Treatment Cost in India

Prostate Cancer Treatment Cost in India varies depending on the type of treatment, hospital, and the stage of cancer. Here’s an overview of typical costs:

  1. Surgery (Radical Prostatectomy): The cost ranges from INR 2,00,000 to INR 5,00,000.
  2. Radiation Therapy: Costs between INR 1,50,000 to INR 4,00,000.
  3. Hormone Therapy: Typically ranges from INR 1,00,000 to INR 2,50,000 per year.
  4. Chemotherapy: Costs can vary from INR 70,000 to INR 2,00,000 per cycle.
  5. Immunotherapy: Sipuleucel-T can cost upwards of INR 10,00,000.
  6. Targeted Therapy: PARP inhibitors and similar drugs can range from INR 2,00,000 to INR 5,00,000 per year.

Also Read: Lung Cancer Treatment Cost in India

Factors Affecting Cost

  • Stage of Cancer: Advanced cancer treatment tends to be more expensive.
  • Hospital Reputation: Premium hospitals may charge more for their services.
  • Technology Used: Advanced technologies like robotic surgery can increase costs.
  • Location: Costs can vary significantly between metropolitan cities and smaller towns.

Best Prostate Cancer Treatment Hospitals in India

India boasts several world-class hospitals renowned for their expertise in prostate cancer treatment. Here are some of the top institutions:

1. All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi

AIIMS is a premier government hospital known for its cutting-edge research and comprehensive cancer care services.

2. Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai

A leader in cancer treatment and research, Tata Memorial offers state-of-the-art facilities and is known for its affordability.

3. Apollo Hospitals, Chennai

One of the largest healthcare chains in India, Apollo Hospitals provides advanced treatments including robotic surgery for prostate cancer.

4. Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon

Known for its advanced cancer treatment technologies and a team of experienced oncologists, Fortis offers a wide range of services for prostate cancer patients.

5. Medanta – The Medicity, Gurgaon

A multi-specialty hospital with a dedicated oncology department, Medanta is renowned for its personalized cancer care and advanced treatment options.

6. Max Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi

Max Hospital provides comprehensive cancer care with a focus on minimally invasive treatments and personalized patient care.

7. BLK Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi

BLK offers a range of cancer treatments, including robotic surgery and advanced radiation therapy, making it a top choice for prostate cancer patients.

8. Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore

CMC Vellore is known for its affordable and high-quality cancer treatment services, backed by extensive research and a dedicated oncology team.

9. Manipal Hospitals, Bangalore

Manipal Hospitals provide state-of-the-art cancer treatment with a multidisciplinary approach, ensuring comprehensive care for prostate cancer patients.

10. HCG Cancer Centre, Bangalore

HCG is a specialized cancer care network offering advanced treatments and technologies, including precision medicine and immunotherapy.

Choosing the Right Hospital

When selecting a hospital for prostate cancer treatment, consider the following factors:

  1. Expertise of Oncologists: Look for hospitals with experienced oncologists and urologists specialising in prostate cancer.
  2. Technology and Facilities: Advanced diagnostic and treatment technologies can significantly impact outcomes.
  3. Multidisciplinary Approach: Hospitals that offer a team-based approach, including surgeons, radiologists, medical oncologists, and supportive care, can provide comprehensive treatment.
  4. Patient Reviews and Testimonials: Patient experiences and feedback can provide insights into the quality of care and hospital reputation.
  5. Accessibility and Convenience: Consider the hospital’s location, ease of access, and availability of supportive services like accommodation and transport.


Prostate cancer treatment in India offers a range of options from surgery and radiation to hormone therapy and advanced treatments like immunotherapy and targeted therapy. The cost of treatment varies based on multiple factors, but India provides affordable yet high-quality healthcare services compared to many Western countries. Choosing the right hospital involves evaluating factors like medical expertise, technology, and patient care quality. With numerous world-class hospitals, India is a viable destination for comprehensive and advanced prostate cancer treatment.

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